Explaining Evil and Suffering: Theodicy Models in Islamic Thought
About the Research
One of the most intractable theological issues within the Abrahamic faiths is the Problem of Evil. Within the Islamic tradition, Muslim scholars drawing guidance from the Qur’an and Hadith – Islam’s primary sources of revelation – in addition to assumptions about Divine motives, fairness and justice and larger schemes of reasoning attempted to explain why God permits evil, pain and suffering in the world. The explanations reflect diverse theological posturing and divide views even today. The project of attempting to harmonise evil, pain and suffering with God’s goodness and justice is the enterprise of theodicy. This book explores these theodicies but examines their application to three areas given little to no focus my Islamic studies scholars. They are: Disability theodicies, theodicies of hell and animal theodicies. The work is the first of its kind in the methodology of analytic theology but is grounded thoroughly in the Islamic sources and philosophical theology literature.